There are different varieties of chamomile, this sacred flower whose origin dates back to ancient Egypt. In perfumery, one of the most widely used species is Roman chamomile, cultivated in France, the United Kingdom and Belgium. Its essence, obtained by distillation, is acclaimed by perfumers for its sweet and aromatic side that evokes ripe apples, while having floral nuances. The nose can also use blue chamomile, known as matricaria, which is still grown in Egypt and Hungary. Its essence contains a lot of azulene, which gives it a blue color and makes it difficult to use. Its perfume is more herbaceous and bitter than its Roman cousin, with slightly animal notes. One finds it in the fine perfumery, in particular in oriental or chypre compositions.